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Religion in Iran census . The Iranian government does not officially recognise the existence of non-religious Iranians. Islam has been the official religion and part of the governments of Iran since the Arab conquest of Iran circa AD.
The Alavids were of the Zaidiyyah Shia sometimes called "Fiver". But they were followed by two great and powerful dynasties: The Buyid were also Zaidiyyah Shia. Later Sunni Islam came to rule from the Ghaznavids dynasty, to AD, through to the Mongol invasion and establishment of the Ilkhanate which kept Shia Islam out of power until the Mongol ruler Ghazan converted to Shia Islam in AD and made it the state religion. Although Shias have lived in Iran since the earliest days of Islam, and there had been Shia dynasties in parts of Iran during the 10th and 11th centuries, according to Mortaza Motahhari the majority of Iranian scholars and masses remained Sunni till the time of the Safavids.
The population of what is nowadays Azerbaijan was converted to Shiism the same time as the people of what is nowadays Iran. As most of Ismail's subjects were Sunni he enforced official Shi'ism violently, putting to death those who opposed him, shia dating websites. Following Iran's defeat by the Ottomans at the Battle of ChaldiranSafavid expansion fasted, and a process of consolidation began in which Ismail sought to quell the more extreme expressions of faith among his followers.
Succeeding Safavid rulers promoted Shi'a Islam teenage dating sites under 18 uk the elites, and it was only under Mullah Muhammad Baqir Majlisi — court cleric from until that Shia Islam truly took hold among the masses. There was a brief Iranian Constitutional Revolution in —11 in which the progressive religious and liberal forces rebelled against theocratic rulers in government  who were also associated with European colonialization and their interests in the new Anglo-Persian Oil Company.
The secularist efforts ultimately succeeded in the Pahlavi dynasty — AD. From the Islamization of Shia dating websites the cultural and religious expression of Iran participated in the Islamic Golden Age from the 9th through the 13th centuries AD, for years.
Iran participated with its own scientists and scholars. Ibn Sina, known as Avicenna in the west, was a polymath and the foremost Islamic physician and philosopher of his time. Rumi's importance transcends national and ethnic borders even today.
These were the first well-organized universities in the Muslim world. The most famous and celebrated of all the nizamiyyah schools was Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad establishedwhere Nizam al-Mulk appointed the distinguished philosopher and theologian, al-Ghazalias a professor.
While the dynasties avowed either Shia or Sunni, and institutions and individuals claimed either Sunni or Shia affiliations, Shia — Sunni relations were part of Islam in Iran and continue today when Ayatollah Khomeini also called for unity between Sunni and Shia Muslims.
Today Islam is the religion of In addition to the lineage of Imams, Twelvers have their preferred hadith collections — The Four Books — which are narrations regarded by Muslims as important tools for understanding the Quran and in matters of jurisprudence.
For Twelvers the lineage of Imams are known as the Twelve Imams. Several Imams are buried in Iraq, as sites of pilgrimage, and the rest are in Saudi Arabia. The sg expat dating school of theology, practice, and jurisprudence Madh'hab in Shia Islam is Jafari established by Ja'far as-Sadiq.
Sunni Muslims are the second largest religious group in Iran. Sunni Dating girl in law school returned to rule when Ghazan converted.
Sunni websites and organizations complain about the absence of any official records regarding their community and believe their number is much greater than what is usually estimated.
Demographic changes have become an issue for both sides, shia dating websites. Scholars on either side speak about the increase in the Sunni population and usually issue predictions regarding demographic changes in the country.
One prediction, for example, claims that the Sunnis will be the majority in Iran by The mountainous region of Larestan is mostly inhabited by indigenous Sunni Persians who did not convert to Shia Islam during the Safavids because the mountainous region of Larestan was too isolated. Iran's Ministry of Health announced that all family-planning programs and procedures would be suspended.
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called on women to have more children to boost the country's population to — million.
Contraceptive policy made sense 20 years ago, he said, but its continuation in later years was wrong. Numerous speculations have been given for this change in policy: The predominant school of theology and jurisprudence Madh'hab among Sunnis in Iran is Hanafiestablished by Abu Hanifa. Salafism alongside extremist Ghulat Shia sects has become popular amongst some Iranian youth, who connect through social media and underground organizations.
The Iranian government views Salafism as a threat and does not allow Salafis to build mosques in Tehran or other large cities due to the fear that these mosques could be infiltrated by extremists. It is allegedly reported that members of religious minorities, especially Sunni Muslims who supported rebels in Syrian Civil Warare increasingly persecuted by authorities.
The government imprisons, harasses and discriminates people because of their religious beliefs. The Safaviya sufi orderoriginates during the circa Safavid dynasty circa AD. A later order in Persia is the Chishti. The Nimatullahi are the largest Shi'i Sufi order active throughout Iran and there is the Naqshbandia Sunni order active mostly in the Kurdish regions of Iran.
The Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi order is the largest Iranian Sufi order which currently operates outside of Iran. Rumi's two major works, Diwan-e Shams and Masnaviare considered by some to be the greatest works of Sufi mysticism and literature. Since the RevolutionSufi practices have been repressed by the Islamic Republicforcing some Sufi leaders into exile.
Smaller groups include JewsZoroastriansMandaeansand Yarsanas well as local religions practiced by tribal minorities. ZoroastriansJewsand Christians are officially recognized and protected by the government, shia dating websites.
For example, shortly after his return from exile inat a time of great unrest, the revolution's leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a fatwa ordering that Jews and other minorities be treated well.
Article 13 of the Iranian Constitution, recognizes them as People of the Book and they are granted the right to exercise religious freedom in Iran.
In there has been a controversy around the reelection of a Zoroastrian municipal councillor in Yazdas there was no clear legislation on the matter. The bill secured yes votes, 23 no and 10 abstention. A total of lawmakers were present at the parliament session.
On the other hand, senior government posts are reserved for Muslims. All minority religious groups, including Sunni Muslims, are barred from being elected president. Jewish, Shia dating websites and Zoroastrian schools must be run by Muslim principals. Conversion to Islam is encouraged by islamic inheritance lawswhich mean that by converting to Islam, a convert will inherit the entire share of their parents' or even uncle's estate if their siblings or cousins remain non-Muslim.
For example, the Jewish population in Iran dropped from 80, to 30, shia dating websites the first two decades of the revolution. The irreligiosity figures in the diaspora are higher, notably among Iranian-Americans. The Hojjatieh group flourished during the revolution but was forced to dissolve after Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini speech on 12 August However, there are signs of it reforming circa It is not acceptable that a tributary [non-Muslim who pays tribute] changes his religion to another religion not recognized by the followers of the previous religion.
For example, from the Jews who become Bahai's nothing is accepted except Islam or execution. The Baha'is are also spies just like the Tudeh [Communist Party]. This is all despite the fact that conversion from Judaism and Zoroastrianism in Iran is well documented dating agency cyrano sinopsis ep 8 the s — indeed such a change of status removing legal and social protections.
These demolitions have god des and she dating been followed by the construction of mosques in a deliberate act of triumphalism. Many or all of the Baha'i cemeteries in Iran have been demolished and corpses exhumed. Indeed, several agencies and experts and journals have published concerns about viewing the developments as a case of genocide: The number of Iranian Mandaeans is a matter of dispute.
Inthere were an estimated 5, and 10, Mandaeans in Iran, according to the Associated Press,  while Alarabiya has put the number of Iranian Mandaeans as high as 60, in Until the Iranian RevolutionMandaeans had mainly been concentrated in Khuzestan provincewhere the community historically existed side by side with the local Arab population.
They had mainly practiced the profession of goldsmith, passing it from generation to generation. Christianity in Iran has had a long history, dating back to the very early years of the faith. And the region is thought to have affected Christianity as well with perhaps the introduction of the concept of The Devil.
Christians of Iran have played a significant part in the history of Christian mission. While always a minority the Armenian Christians have had an autonomy of educational institutions such as the use of their language in schools.
Christian population estimations range between and adherents; one estimate suggests a range betweenandChristian believers from a Muslim background living in Iran, most of them evangelical Christians. The small evangelical Protestants Christian minority in Iran have been subject to Islamic "government suspicion and hostility" according to Human Rights Watch at least in part because of their "readiness to accept and even seek out Muslim converts" as well as their Western origins.
According to Human Rights Watch in the s, two Muslim converts to Christianity who had become ministers were sentenced to death for apostasy and other charges. However many people, such as Youcef NadarkhaniSaeed Abedini have been recently harassed, jailed and sentenced to death for Apostasy. As ofthere are over 3 million Christians in Iran. See Persecution of Zoroastrians. Zoroastrians in Iran have had a long history reaching back thousands of years, and are the oldest religious community of Iran that has survived to the present day.
Zoroastrians mainly are ethnic Persians and are concentrated in the cities of Tehran, Kerman, and Yazd. The Islamic Republic government estimates the number of Zoroastrians is 20, Zoroastrian groups in Iran say their number is approximately 60, Since the fall of the Sassanid Zoroastrian empire by the Arab conquest of Persiain different periods of post-Islamic history of Iran, Zoroastrians have periodically faced extreme religious oppression including forced conversions, massacres, harassment, and other forms of discrimination.
This oppression has led to a massive diaspora community across the world, in particular the Parsis of Indiawho number significantly higher than the Zoroastrians in Iran. Judaism is one of the oldest religions practiced in Iran and dates back to the late biblical times.
Iran supports by far the largest Jewish population of any Muslim country. Emigration has lowered the population of 75, shia dating websites, to 80, Jews living in Iran prior to the Islamic revolution.
BBC reported Yazd is home to ten Jewish dating sites saskatoon sk, six of them related by marriage, however some estimate the number is much higher.
Historically, Jews maintained a presence in many more Iranian cities. Today, the largest groups of Jews from Iran are found in the United States which is home to approximatelyIranian Jews, who have settled especially in the Los Angeles area sikh dating new york New York City area.
Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada traveled to Tehran in Iran is an Islamic republic. Its constitution mandates that the official religion is Islam see: Islam in Iranspecifically the Twelver Ja'fari school of Islam, with other Islamic schools being accorded full respect.